In 1911, sociologist Robert Michels, set forth his “iron law of oligarchy,” describing the tendency of all organizations, regardless of their democratic intentions, to move toward control of the organization by a small elite. Since then, others have pointed out exceptions to Michels’ principle, while others offered continued cautions on this tendency toward oligarchy and(……)

 Definition The New Recovery Advocacy Movement (NRAM) is a social movement led by people in addiction recovery and their allies aimed at altering public and professional attitudes toward addiction recovery, promulgating recovery-focused policies and programs, and supporting efforts to break intergenerational cycles of addiction and related problems.   Historical Context The NRAM rose in the late(……)